The growth of town owed much to the extension of railway up to Gauri Phanta across the border originally for timber transport. Dhangadhi is the headquarters of Seti Zone that includes far-flung places as Kailali district is situated in far western region of Nepal in Seti Zone. The district was returned to Nepal from East India Company in 1860 AD. Hansuliya VDC in Kailali is a village where a fort was located between 1968 and 1978. The district got its name from the fort.

Most part of the district lies in Tarai belt with varying the altitude ranging from 179 m to 1,957 m above sea level. Dhangadhi is the headquarters of the district as well. The rectangular-shaped district covers an area of 2,742 sq. km. Most people are Tharus. Agronomy is the base of economy, where Karnali, Mohana, Patheraiya, Kada Kamara, Surmi Rivers provides water for cultivation of the land. Dhangadhi is the prime commercial hub. Dhangadhi-Dadeldhura Highway would become the backbone for the development of Kailali.

Political Boundary
East: Bardiya and Surkhet,
West: Kanchanpur and Doti,
North: Surkhet and Doti,
South: India.

Major rivers 
Karnali, Mohana, Pothraiya, Karrha, Kanara.

Longitude: 800 15”- 810 15”
Latitude: 280 22- 290 0”.

Sub- tropical, Temperate, Cool- temperate.
Maximum Temperature: 40.50 °Centigrade
Minimum Temperature: 17.70 °Centigrade.
Rainfall 1577 ml.

Predominant culture
Tharu, Dotyali, Nepali.

Tourist attraction centers
Dhangadhi, Chaumala-Banana Pocket Zone, Godawari, Tikapur Park, Ghodaghodi wetland and temple, Karnali River.

There are more than 100 lakes/pond in Kailali district of which Ghdaghodi Tal is the largest one. It is also the largest lake in Terai belt of Nepal. It is ocated about 53 Km east of the Dhangadhi on the east-west high way. Darakh, Ram Shikhar and Sandepani VDCs border it. The geographically the lake lies at 28°41’03” north latitude and 80°56’45”east latitude. The altitude of the lake is 205 m from the sea level. It is 4 meter deep and covers an area of 138 ha. It has a palm with 19 fingers shape. There are other 13 lakes in the surrounding areas. The total area of all these lakes is 248 ha.

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